Scientific Name: Ilex
Leaves: Holly leaves are dark green, glossy and oval. Younger plants have spiky leaves, but the leaves of older trees are much more likely to be smooth.
Fact: The ancient Romans believed that holly warded off lightning strikes and witchcraft.
Flowers: Holly is dioecious, meaning that male and female flowers occur on different trees. Flowers are white with four petals.
Fruits: once pollinated by insects, female flowers develop into crimson berries, which can remain on the tree all through winter.